Each biome is characterised by a distinctive climate and by distinctive types of plant and animal life. There are generally 8 biomes:

1. TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS
– Warm temperature
– Abundant rainfall
– Dense vegetation
– Immense variety of species

2. SAVANNA
– Scattered trees
– High temperature
– Moderate rainfall
– Long dry season
– Grazing animals: giraffe, zebra, lion

3. DESERT
– Little rainfall
– Plants with tough, waxy coats, thick leaves
– Animals active only at night: Snakes, lizards, tarantula, scorpion

4. TEMPERATE DECIDUOUS FOREST

– Abundant rainfall
– Long summer, cold winter
– Broad-leaved deciduous trees
– Animals: insects, small rodents, foxes

5. TEMPERATE GRASSLAND
– Not enough rainfall to support trees
– Warm summers, cold winters
– Wildflowers
– Grazing animals: antelope, ground squirrels, foxes

6. SCRUB FOREST
– Little or no rain in summer
– Small tress with leathery leaves
– Animals: rabbit, chipmunk, lizard, snake

7. TEMPERATE CONIFEROUS FOREST (TAIGA)
– Warm summer, cold winter
– Coniferous trees with waxy needles: pine, fir
– Animals: rabbits, porcupines, moose, deer

8. TUNDRA
– Little sun-ray for photosynthesis
– Permafrost subsoil
– Plants: moss, lichens, willow trees
– Animals: foxes, reindeer, wolves, snowy owl

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